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How The Prevailing Discourses on Ukuthwala Mask the Linkages Between Marriage and Rape

Tue, 2018-10-16 12:45
You are invited to the next CSSR Seminar with Nyasha Karimakwenda In my presentation I focus on how South Africa institutional responses to violent forms of ukuthwala (abduction for purposes of marriage) have had the effect of invisibilising marital rape. I argue that the approaches of policymakers, civil society groups, the justice system and legal scholars, are characterised by rigid and stereotyped notions of how the living customary practice of ukuthwala occurs. By dissecting the narratives that stem from the multisectoral push against ukuthwala, I illustrate how the institutional failure to embrace a more fluid and localised understanding of ukuthwala obscures the pervasiveness of rape in marriage. Nyasha Karimakwenda is a feminist researcher and consultant on gender and women's rights. She has worked and conducted research in the US, the Caribbean and Southern Africa. Her interdisciplinary research focuses on contextualising lesser understood forms of gender-based violence against women in South Africa. She is a former Fox Fellow at the Centre for Law and Society at the University of Cape Town (UCT) and is currently completing a PhD in Public Law at UCT. Her dissertation explores how marital rape in South Africa is rendered (in)visible in and through the institutions where women seek protection from violence. Nyasha holds a BA from Wellesley College, a law degree from North Eastern University, and an MA in African Studies from Yale University.  

Simulating land reparation? The case of Colombia, and possibilities for analysing land reparation policymaking in South Africa

Tue, 2018-10-30 12:45
You are invited to the next CSSR Seminar with Fabio Andrés Díaz For more than 50 years, Colombia has suffered from internal conflicts between the government and different armed groups (guerillas, paramilitary forces, drug lords, private armies). Since last year, after the signing of the peace agreements between the main guerilla group (FARC) and the government, prospects for reform have improved. A key component that must be addressed for the success of this negotiation and the consolidation of peace is the development of public policies regarding the reparation of the victims of this conflict. This paper focuses on evaluating possible tools that can be used to support the challenges related to the planning and assessment of the required resources for the implementation of a comprehensive policy towards the displaced population and the reparation policies associated with this. I argue that the use of simulation tools and methodologies such as system dynamics can be an effective approach to learn about the effectiveness of those policies. Any policy aiming to provide compensation or other reparations to victims of forced displacement needs to be carefully crafted, as elements such as the information delays, feedback cycles, and other characteristics related with this situation offer challenges. I build a preliminary simulation model exemplifying the implementation of a policy aiming to reparate victims of forced displacement in Colombia, comparing the prescribed terms defined by law with the real lapses that the process is facing practice. I argue that assessing the requirements and the limitations of the restitution of land in Colombia in a simulation environment will be a useful tool to inform policies and practice in this context. This further provides a useful basis for reflection on the South African case. Fabio Andrés Díaz is a Colombian political scientist. He is a Research Associate at the Department of Political and International studies at Rhodes University in South Africa and a Researcher at the International Institute of Social Studies in the Netherlands. Fabio works at the intersection between theory and practice, and his research interests are related to state strength, civil war, conflict and protests in the midst of globalization. In addition to his academic publications, his analysis has been published by Al Jazeera, Time, The Conversation, among others. His current research focuses on social movements, protests and processes of contestation in both Colombia and South Africa during the period of 1948-2016.