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Migration in the Context of the HIV/AIDS Epidemic: Evidence from the Free State Province.

Year: 2003
Working paper number: 057
Author: Booysen, Frederik
Unit: SSU
Abstract:

This paper investigates the characteristics and determinants of out-migration in the context of the HIV/AIDS epidemic, using data from a panel designed to investigate the household impact of the epidemic. Departure models show that individual attributes, notably age and gender, play an important role in explaining out-migration from households that have not experienced morbidity or mortality. In affected households, a number of household-level variables, notably the gender of the household head, place of residence, family structure, the dependency ratio, human capital and household size, feature as important determinants of out-migration. Health shocks in the form of increased mortality, which characterises the impact of the epidemic, independently explain part of observed differences in out-migration from affected households, the out-migration of ill persons from affected households, and the out-migration of orphaned children from affected households. Thus, migration represents an important strategy for poorer households having to cope with the HIV/AIDS epidemic, both as an economic survival strategy and as a social strategy aimed at accessing support from the extended family.


Publication file: wp57.pdf
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