The impact of socio-economic status and other structural drivers on HIV in Southern Africa

Abstract / Description:

It is often assumed that structural factors such as low socio-economic status (SES) are a key driver of HIV infection, particularly amongst women in Southern Africa. We probe this association using Demographic and Health Survey (DHS) data from Lesotho, Swaziland and Zimbabwe. Controlling for age, age at fist sex, marital status, condom use and country of residence, living in the poorer 20 percent households, as compared to the poorest 20 percent, is associated with a 9 percent reduction in the odds of being HIV positive for both men and women (OR 0.91, p-value 0.06). Neither education nor employment status are associated with HIV infection. Country of residence is a strong predictor of HIV infection, with respondents in Swaziland and Zimbabwe less likely to be HIV-positive (OR’s 0.82 and 0.71 respectively) than those in Lesotho, again controlling for the above covariates

Refreshments will be served.

Thu, 14 Apr 2011 -
13:00 to 14:00