Welfare State-Building in the Global South: Conceptualising and Measuring Difference
The burgeoning comparative literature on the political economy of welfare states has recently expanded from the global North to the global South. Most typologies of welfare states in the global South pay homage to the typology developed for the global North by Gosta Esping-Andersen, which they modify in order to take into account the uneven development of markets and states in the global South. This literature pays little attention to the distributional question of precisely ‘who gets what?’, i.e. who benefits from different sets of policies. This paper provides a new theoretical and empirical typology of welfare regimes in the global South, and begins to analyse the economic, social and political correlates of these.