Researchers in the Institute for Democracy have published four new Working Papers through the CSSR WP series. Dr Sishuwa Sishuwa, a post-doctoral research fellow, examines the role of charisma in politics in post-colonial Africa, in WP 446. Hangala Siachiwena, whose PhD is under examination, examines the effects of change of government on social protection policy reform in Malawi, in WP 447. PhD student Thomas Isbell uses Afrobarometer data in WP 448 to examine the relationship between inequality and the demand for democracy in Africa. PhD student Matthias Kronke, together with Honorary Professor Bob Mattes, also use Afrobarometer data to examine partisan identification in Africa, in WP 449.